How do I know if my child is normal?

Every child develops at their own pace, so there’s not really a universal “normal” that fits all kids. You can use Plunket’s child development infographic as a quick guide to help you figure out what your child may do at certain ages. One of the best things you can do to support your child's development is to build a positive relationship through play. This helps them learn about themselves and the world around them. 

What should I do if I think my child may have a development issue?

You know your child best so if you think there may be something wrong, trust your instincts and talk to a health professional about your concerns. This could include your Plunket nurse, family doctor or another Well Child provider. You can also call PlunketLine anytime. 

When do babies smile?

It’s exciting to see your baby smile for the first time – especially if you’re the one who caused your little one to smile. Most babies will usually start to smile when you smile and talk to them around six to eight weeks. 

When do babies roll over?

Most babies will roll over between three and six months. They may start by trying to reach for toys and roll on to their back during tummy time. Babies will be able to roll from their back to their tummy as they get stronger.

When do babies sit up?

Most babies will sit up with your help by six months and sit up on their own by nine months. 

When do babies crawl?

Usually, babies will start to crawl between eight to 12 months. Sometimes, your baby may move in another way rather than crawl on their hands and knees, while others use their bottom to shuffle along the floor or pull themselves along on their tummy. 

When do babies laugh?

Most babies will laugh between three to four months. It is wonderful to hear your baby laugh and you can try to make silly faces or play peek-a-boo to make them laugh more.  

When can babies see?

Babies can see when they're first born, but their vision is limited to 20-25 cm away. Their vision will progress as they grow and by nine months old your baby will have full-colour vision and the ability to use both their eyes together (called binocular vision). If you're worried about your baby’s vision for any reason, talk to a healthcare provider. 

When do babies walk?

Walking is a big step for a little one. Your baby may start to stand up with assistance from you, or the nearby furniture at around seven to 10 months. After your little one masters standing, they'll stand to walk while holding on to your hands or furniture. It will take a bit longer for them to get the hang of walking by themselves, but most toddlers are walking by 18 months.