Many grazes will contain dirt and small stones which can lead to infection.
You need to wash the area gently with soap and clean water. Wash your hands before starting to treat the wound. If the dirt cannot be removed you need to take them to the doctor.
If the wound seems clean, it can be left to heal without any other treatment, or covered for at least the first day. Covering with a dressing can help keep the wound clean and may make them feel better. Avoid dressings that might stick to the wound.
Wounds can become infected easily, the infections may spread around the wound, and sometimes to the whole body. The wound may be infected if there is increasing pain, swelling and redness and the wound feels warm. There may be pus coming out of the wound. They can have a fever and feel unwell.
If you think the wound is infected you need to see a doctor.
For help and advice call PlunketLine 0800 933 922, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
If your child is sick please call Healthline, 0800 611 116, New Zealand's 24-hour telephone health advice service. All calls are answered by registered nurses.
In an emergency phone 111.